I posted this response at Steve Sailer’s:
I have long thought this was the main reason metaphysics, particularly ontology, arises in cultures that speak Indo-Aryan languages and NOT in Judaism. A combination of Hebrew being a “me tarzan, you jane” language + the ban placed on the use of the verb “to be” in the present tense by making the future perfect of the word the unspeakable name of god “YHVH” means “state of being that exists out of time” basically–beingness that always was, is and always will be. It is obvious they were a literate people with a significantly well developed sense of verbal reasoning as evinced by their holy books being in large part legal code–later on in the Talmudic period you get very sophisticated legal reasoning that would be right at home on any modern law school campus–but no great ruminations on existence.
Many Indo Aryan languages convey the primacy of the EXISTENCE of the speaker in every sentence. Look at a simple English sentence “I am going home”. Basically you are saying “I exist, and go to my house”. In Hebrew this would be rendered “I go the Home” (ani holech ha bayitta). Is this the case with ancient Greek or the languages of Hinduism and Buddhism?